105: Thurgood (Marshall) and the Trivia Destroyers

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United States Supreme Court Associate Justice Thurgood Marshall in 1976. (Photo from U.S. Library of Congress via Wikimedia) 

On June 13, 1967, U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson nominated Thurgood Marshall to the Supreme Court.

Here are some things you may not have known about the first African-American to serve on the Supreme Court.

First: Marshall was born in Baltimore in 1908. His father worked as a railroad porter and his mother was a teacher. Marshall studied at Lincoln University in Pennsylvania before studying law at Howard University in Washington, D.C.

Second: In his early professional career, he worked closely and eventuall for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. He was appointed to the Second Circuit Court of Appeals by John F. Kennedy in 1961, before being named Solicitor General of the United States in 1965.

Third: Marshall served on the Supreme Court for 24 years, where he earned a reputation for liberal decisions focusing on civil rights and criminal procedure. He retired from the court in 1991 and was replaced on the high court by Clarence Thomas. Marshall died of heart failure in 1993 at age 84.

Our question: What is the main responsibility of the Solicitor General of the United States?

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